（2）解释原则：which is，that is，which means，that is to say
（3）举例强调：for example，for instance，such as，illustrate
（4）结论强调：above all，in short，in a word，in conclusion，all in all，in brief
① Scientist/ psychologist/ expert/professor 做主语
② Believe/found/ estimate/point out/suggest/mean/explain 做谓语
③ Research/ studies/,survey/ finding 做主语
④ Indicate/show/review/are/explain/prove/ mean/ 做谓语
A) They will feel less pressure to raise employees wages.
B) They will feel free to choose the most suitable employees.
C) They will feel inclined to expand their business operations.
D) They will feel more confident in competing with their rivals.
分析：A、B两项均含有they will feel和employees，相比其他两项更具相关性，正确答案应该在A和B选项中。
A) It poses a challenge to seniors.
B) It saves both time and money.
C) It is childish and unprofessional.
D) It is cool and convenient.
W: He said hed never text message. He thinks its very childish and unprofessional to text message.
M: Yeah, I can see what he means. Its considered pretty informal to text message someone.
刚才我们通过相近相反原则已经确定答案在C和D中，听到childish and unprofessional可以直接选出。
C) It is childish and unprofessional.
D) It is cool and convenient.
A) The visiting economist has given several lectures.
B) The guest lecturer’s opinion is different from Dr. Johnson’s.
C) Dr. Johnson and the guest speaker were schoolmates.
D) Dr. Johnson invited the economist to visit their college.
Section C Compound Dictation
There are a lot of good cameras available at themoment-most of these are made in Japan but thereare also good (36) ______ models from Germanyand the USA. We have (37) ______ a range ofdifferent models to see which is the best (38) ______ for money. After a number of different testsand interviews with people who are (39) ______ withthe different cameras being (40) ______ , our researchers (41) ______ the Olympic BY modelas the best auto-focus camera available at the moment. It costs $200, although you may wellwant to spend more-(42) ______ as much as another $200-on buying (43) ______ lenses andother equipment. It is a good Japanese camera, easy to use. (44) ____________________________________________________ whereas the Americanversions are considerably more expensive.
The Olympic BY model weighs only 320 grams which is quite a bit less than other cameras of asimilar type. Indeed, one of the other models we looked at weighed almost twice as much. (45) _______________________________________________________________________ . Allthe people we interviewed expressed almost total satisfaction with it. (46) ____________________________________________________________ .
解析：value for money意为“性价比”。
44. 标准答案：Equivalent German models tend to be heavier and slightly less easy to use
听音关键：German models, heavier, less easy to use
答案重构：1) Similar German models are usually heavier and slightly less convenient to use
2) The same German models/cameras/ones tend to be heavier and a little more difficult to use
45. 标准答案：Similarly, it is smaller than most of its competitors, thus fitting easily into a pocket or handbag
听音关键：Similarly, smaller than, competitors, fit easily
答案重构：Similarly, it is smaller than other models and can be put in a pocket or handbag easily
46. 标准答案：The only problem was a slight awkwardness in loading the film
听音关键：problem, awkwardness, load, film
答案重构：1) The only problem was a slight trouble/difficulty in loading the film
2) The only problem was that it may be a little difficult to put the film into the camera
A. The threat of poisonous desert animals andplants.
B. The exhaustion of energy resources.
C. The destruction of oil wells.
D. The spread of the black powder from the fires.
A. The underground oil resources have not been affected.
B. Most of the desert animals and plants have managed to survive.
C. The oil lakes soon dried up and stopped evaporating.
D. The underground water resources have not been polluted.
A. To restore the normal production of the oil wells.
B. To estimate the losses caused by the fires.
C. To remove the oil left in the desert.
D. To use the oil left in the oil lakes.
When Iraqi troops blew up hundreds of Kuwaiti oil wells at the end of the Gulf War, scientists feared an environmental disaster. Would black powder and the smoke from the fires circle the globe and block out the sun? Many said No way. Rain would wash the black powder from the atmosphere. But in America, air-sampling balloons have detected high concentrations of particles similar to those collected in Kuwait. Now that the fires are out, scientists are turning attention to yet another threat-the oil did not catch fire. It has formed huge lakes in the Kuwaiti deserts. They trap insects and birds and poison a variety of other desert animals and plants. The only good news is that the oil lakes have not affected the underground water resources. So far, the oil has not been absorbed because of the hard sand just below the surface.
Nothing, however, stops the oil from evaporating. The resulting poisonous gases are choking nearby residents. Officials are trying to organize a quick clean-up, but they are not sure how to do it. One possibility is to burn the oil. Get those black powder detectors ready.
Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
33. What were the scientists worried about soon after the Gulf War?
34. What was the good news for scientists?
35. What are the officials trying to do at the moment?
A. A car outside the supermarket.
B. A car at the bottom of the hill.
C. Pauls car.
D. The sports car.
A. Inside the car.
B. At the foot of the hill.
C. In the garage.
D. In the supermarket.
A. The driver of the sports car.
B. The two girls inside the car.
C. The man standing nearby.
D. The salesman from London.
B. The two girls.
C. The bus driver.
Paul, a salesman from London, was driving past a sports car parked outside a supermarket when he saw it start to roll slowly down the hill. Inside the car were two young girls on the passenger seat but no driver. Paul stopped quickly, jumped in front of the sports car and tried to stop it-pushing against the front of the car. Another man, who was standing nearby, got into the car and put on the hand brake, saving the girls from injury. It was at this point that Paul noticed his own car rolling slowly down the hill and going too fast for him to stop it. It crashed into a bus at the bottom of the hill and was so badly damaged that it had to be pulled away to a garage. As if this was not bad enough, Paul now found he had no one to blame. He was so busy chasing his car that he did not get the name of the driver of the sports car who just came out of the supermarket and drove away without realizing what had happened.
Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. Which car was badly damaged?
27. Where was the driver of the sports car when the accident happened?
28. Who did Paul think was to blame for the accident?
29. Who was injured in the accident?
2015年6月13日的英语四级考试刚刚结束，本次考试为多题多卷，整理了不同版本的真题及参考答案，供考生参考，下面是整理的 2015年6月英语四级听力真题答案及解析(含听力音频) ，欢迎查看。
W: I am going to give up playing chess, I lost againtoday。
M: Just because you lost? Is that any reason toquit?
Q: What does the man imply?
M: Do you know Shirley’s new address? She’s got some mailhere and I’d like to fold it to her。
W: Well, we’ve not been in touch for quit a while. Let’ssee, Marry should know it?
Q: What does the women mean?
W: I missed the classes this morning could you please lentme your notes?
M: My notes? You’ve never seem my hand writing, haveyou?
Q: What does the man imply?
M: I am taking my girlfriend to the fancy new restaurantfor her birthday tonight。
W: I went there last weekend and I found it ratherdisappointing。
Q: What does the women mean?
W: Winter is over at last, time to put away my gloves andboots。
M: I ‘ve been waiting for this for months。
Q: What does the man mean?
W: Thank you for bringing the books back。
M: I thought you need them over the weekend, many thanksfor let me use them。
Q: What do we learn from conversation?
W: Are you working flexible hours?
M: No I am not, The weather today is so nice, so I decidedto walk to work and that meant I have to leave an hour earlier thanusual。
Q: What does the man decide to do?
W: Our plane has been circling for a long time, we coulddelay。
M: The airport was closed for a while this morning andthings are still not back to normal。
Q: What does the man mean?
答案：A. The woman should go on playing chess。
“Is that any reason to quit?
答案：D. Mary probably knows Sally’s newaddress。
本题的关键在于听到最后一句“Mary should know it。
答案：B. His notes are not easy to read。
本题的关键在于听懂反义疑问句。女士想要借笔记，男士说：“You’venever see my handwriting, have you?”“你从没看过我的笔迹吧?”言下之意，就是自己的笔记难以辨认。
答案：D. The man had better choose anotherrestaurant。
答案：C. He has been looking forward tospring。
答案：B. The man appreciates the woman’s help。
本题关键在于听懂感谢语气。男士说：“Many thanks forletting me use them。”(太感谢你让我看他们了。)thankMany thanks和选项中的appreciate为同义词。
答案：B. Go to work on foot。
本题的关键在于捕捉否定词之后被突出的信息。男士提到的“walk towork”和选项中的Goon foot。
答案：A. Temporary closing has disturbed the airport’soperation。
本题考察的是一组明显的因果关系，即什么导致了延误。男士提到今早机场关闭了一段时间了，而且仍然没恢复正常。“closedfor a while”与选项中的Temporaryclosing构成同义替换。
W:Morning, this is TGC!
M: Goodmorning, Walter Barry here, calling from London. Could I speak toMr. Grand, please?
W: Who’scalling, please?
M: WalterBarry, from London。
W: What isit about, please?——问题是考题
Well, I understand that your company has a chemical processingplant。(9题答案——回答是答案。)My own company LCP, Liquid Control Products, is aleader in safety from leaks in the field of chemicalprocessing。(9题答案——重复答案最容易)
I’d like to speak to Mr. Grandto discuss ways in which we could helpTGC to protect itself from such problems and save money at the sametime.——第10题答案(男士公司存在的问题)
W: Yes, Isee. Well, Mr. Grand is not available just now。
M: Can youtell me when I could reach him?
W: He’svery busy for the next few days. Then he’ll be away in New York. Soit’s difficult to give you a time。
M: Could Ispeak to someone else, perhaps?
W: Who, inparticular?
M: Acolleague, for example?——问题是考题
W: You are speaking to his personalassistance.——回答是答案(11题答案)
I can deal with calls for Mr.Grand。
M: Yes,well, could I ring him tomorrow?——问题是考题
W: No, I’msorry, he won’t be free tomorrow.Listen, let me suggestsomething. You send us details of your products and services,together with references from other companies. And then we’llcontact you.——回答是答案(12题答案)
M: Yes,that’s very kind of you. I have your address。
M: Barry.Walter Barry, from LCP in London。
W: Right,Mr. Barry. We look forward to hearing from you。
M: Thankyou, goodbye。
Q9. What do we learn about the woman’s company?
Q10. What do we learn about the man?
Q11. What’s the woman’s position in her company?
Q12. What does the woman suggest the man do?
M: MissYamada, did you ever think that you would find yourself living andworking in the western world?——问题是考题
W: No, not really, although I’ve always listenedto recordings of great orchestras fromEurope.——回答是答案(第13题答案)
M: So youenjoyed classical music even when you were very young?
W: Oh,yes. I was an only child。
M: Youwere born in 1955, is that right?
W: Yes, Ibegan violin lessons at school when I was 6.
M: Asyoung as that, did you like it?
W: Oh,yes, very much。
M: When didyou first play on your own? I mean, when did you give your firstperformance?——问题是考题
W: I think I was 8…? No, Nine. I just had mybirthday a week before, and my father had bought me a new violin. Iplayed a small piece at the schoolconcert.——回答是答案(第14题答案)
M: Did youknow then that you would become a professionalviolinist?
W: Yes, Ithink so. I enjoy playing the violin very much, and I didn’t mindpracticing, sometimes three or four hours a day。
M: And whendid you first come to Europe?——问题是考题
W: I was very lucky. When I was fifteen, I won ascholarship to a college in Paris. That was for a three-yearcourse.——回答是答案(第15题答案)
M: How didyour parents feel about that?
W: I thinkthey were pleased and worried at the same time. It was the chanceof a lifetime. But of course I would be thousands of miles fromhome. Anyway, I studied in Paris for three years and then went backto Tokyo。
Q13. Whatdo we know about the woman before she went to Europe?
Q14. Whatdoes the woman say about her music experience?
Q15. Whatdoes the woman say about her study in Paris?
Section B Passage
What makesa person famous? This is a mystery that many people have thoughtabout. All kinds of myths surround the lives of well-known people。
Most people are familiar with the works of William Shakespeare, oneof the greatest English writers of the 16th and 17thcenturies. Yet
how many know Shakespeare, the person, the man behind theworks? ——第16题答案(极端表达most预示答案，转折关系yet引导答案)After centuries of research, scholars are stilltrying to discover Shakespeare’s personal history。
It is noteasily found in his writings. Authors of the time could not protecttheir works. An acting company, for example, could change the playif they wanted to. Nowadays, writers have copy rights to protecttheir work. Many myths arouse about Shakespeare. Some said he hadno formal education. Others believe that he began his career bytending the horses of wealthy men. All of these myths areinteresting, but are they true? Probablynot.
Shakespeare’s father was a respective man inStratford-upon-Avon, a man of the town council。
——第17题答案(新出现的信息为重点)He sent young William to grammar school. Mostpeople of Elizabethan times did not continue beyond grammar school.So Shakespeare did have at least average education. Some paths ofShakespeare’s life were always remain unknown。
The great London fire arouses 1666 burned many important documentsthat could’ve been a source ofclues.——第18题答案
We were always be left withmany questions and few facts.
Q16. Whatdoes speaker say about William Shakespeare?
答案：B) His personalhistory is little known。
Q17. Whatdoes we learn about Shakespeare’s father?
答案：D) He was a member ofthe town council。
Q18. Whydoes the speaker say parts of Shakespeare’s life remain a mystery?
答案：C) Possible sourcesof clues about him were lost in a fire。
Whereveryou go and for whatever reason, it’s important to be safe. Whilethe majority of people you meet in travelling are short to befriendly and welcoming, they are dangerous. First being the mostcommon. Just as in your home country. Do not expect everyone youmeet to be friendly andhelpful.——第19题答案
It’s important top repairedfor your trip in advance and to take precautions while you aretravelling。
As you prepare for your trip, make sure your have the rightpaperwork. ——第20题答案You don’t want to get to your destination, only tofind you have the wrong visa, or worse, that your passport isn’tvalid anymore. Also, make sure you travel with proper medicalinsurance. So that if you sick or injured during your travels, youwill be able to get treatment. If you want to drive all yearabroad, make sure you have a international driver’s license。
When you get to your destination, use officialtransport.——第21题答案
Always go to bus and taxistands, don’t except rights from strangers who offer you a lift. Ifthere isn’t a meter in the taxi, agree on the price before you getin. If you prefer to stay in cheap hotels while travelling, makesure you can lock the door of your room from the inside. Finally,bear in mind to simile. It’s the friendly and the most sincere formof communication. And it sure to be understood in any part of theworld。
Q19What ismentioned as a most common danger when people go travellingabroad?
答案：A) Do not expecteveryone you meet to be friendly and helpful。。
Q20What isthe most important thing to do when you prepare for your tripabroad?
答案：B) Have the rightdocuments。
Q21Whatdoes the speaker suggest you do when you arrive at yourdestination?
答案：B) Use officialtransport。
TheBritish are supposed to be famous for laughing at themselves,
but even their sense of humour has alimit,——主旨对应推断题答案(25题)as the British retailer Gerald Ratner found out tohis cost。
When Ratner took over his father's chain of 130 jewelry shops in1984, he introduced a very clear company policy. He decided thathis shops should sell down market products at the lowest possibleprices. ——第22题答案It was a great success. The British public lovedhis cheapgold earrings and his tasteless silver ornaments. By1991, Ratner's company had 2,400 shops and it was worth over 680million pounds。
But in April of that year, Gerald Ratner made a big mistake. At abig meeting of top British businesspeople, he suited up andexplained the secret of hissuccess.——第23题答案
People say How can we sellour goods for such a low price? I say Because they are absoluterubbish. His audience roared with laughter. But the Britishnewspapers and the British public were not so amused。
People felt insulted and stayed away from Ratner'sshops。
——第24题答案Sales fell and 6 months after his speech, Ratner'sshare price had fallen by 42%. The following year, things got worseand Gerald Ratner was forced to resign. By the end of 1992, he losthis company, his career and his house. Even worse, 25,000 of hisemployees had lost their jobs。
It had been a very expensive joke.——25题答案
Q22 Whatdid Gerald Ratner decide to do when he took over his father'sshops?
答案：C) Sell inexpensiveproducts。
Q23 Onwhat occasion did Gerald Ratner explained the secret of hissuccess?
答案：A) At a meeting oftop British businesspeople。
Q24 Howdid people feel when they leaned of Gerald Ratner'sremarks?
Q25 Whatdoes the story of Gerald Ratner suggest?
答案：B) There should be alimit to one's sense of humour。
Looking atthe basic biological systems, the world is not doing very well.Yet, economic indicators show the world is prospering.Despite a slow start at the beginning of the 80s, global economicoutput increased by more than a fifth during the decade. Theeconomy grew, trade increased, and millions of new jobs werecreated. How can biological indicators show the opposite ofeconomic indicators? The answer is that the economic indicatorshave a basic fault. They show no difference between resource usesthat sustain progress and those uses that will hurt it. Themain measure of economic progress is the Gross National Products --GNP. In simple terms, this totals the value of all goods andservices produced and subtracts loss in value of factories andequipment. Developed a half century ago, GNP helpedestablish a common way among countries of measuring changein economic output. For some time, this seemed to workreasonably well, but serious weaknesses are now appearing.As indicated earlier, GNP includes loss in value of factories andequipment, but it does not take into account the loss ofnatural resources, including non-renewable resources, such as oil,or renewable resources, such as forests. This basic fault canproduce a misleading sense of national
30. Insimple terms
33.take into account
故事性短文在四级考试中的测试主要集中在三类问题上：时间、对应的事件及原因(when-what-why-question)；人物及专有名词的细节提问 (Proper Name-question)；结尾句或故事寓意的提问 (moral-question)。
1. 时间、对应的事件及原因 (when-what-why-question)
由于故事性短文其自身的特点--以故事情节介绍为主，因此在故事性短文问题的设置中数when-what-why-question最为常见，即问及故事中某一时间和其对应的事件，有时还会涉及该事件背后考试&大的原因。该类问题是对细节的考查，经常用于此句型结构的问题有： When did …? What happened in year ...? What is the finding of …? Why … are important events in …? hy is it difficult to …? Why do … have to keep the present jobs?等。解答此类问题的关键是在浏览所给问题的基础上，迅速得到关键词或关键句型，如：because， so，therefore，the reason…is that…，why…is…等。在听短文时便可有针对性地做出笔记以记录问题所涉及到的时间、对应的事件以及其背后的原因。
2. 人物及专有名词的细节提问 (Proper Name-question)
故事性短文在进行故事情节叙述时不可避免地会涉及到人物、地点和一些专有名词，因此在故事性短文问题的设置中对专有名词的细节考查也较为常见。经常用于此句型结构的问题有：What do we learn from the passage about …? What does the speaker tell us about Catherine Gram?等。
3. 结尾句或故事寓意的提问 (moral-question)
故事性短文的结尾句通常包含该故事的寓意，我们将对文章寓意题目的设置称为moral-question，这是对文章主旨的考查。经常用于此句型结构的问题有： What does the comment by … suggest? What can be inferred from the passage?。 解答此类问题的关键是在把握故事整体性的基础上，对故事主人公做出正确评价。
Directions: In this section, you will hear one short passage. At the end of the passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).
1. What do we learn about the greenhouse?
A) It was located in a park.
B) Its owner died of a heart attack.
C) It went bankrupt all of a sudden.
D) Its potted plants were for lease only.
2. What was the speaker doing when the customer walked in one morning?
A) Planting some trees in the greenhouse.
B) Writing a want ad to a local newspaper.
C) Putting up aGoing out of Businesssign.
D) Helping a customer select some purchases.
3. What did the speaker think of when serving the office manager?
A) Opening an office in the new office park.
B) Keeping better relations with her company
C) Developing fresh business opportunities.
D) Building a big greenhouse of his own.
4. What was the speakers hope for the future?
A) Owning the greenhouse one day.
B) Securing a job at the office park.
C) Cultivating more potted plants.
D) Finding customers out of town.
In February last year, my wife lost her job. Just as suddenly, the owner of the greenhouse where I worked as manager died of a heart attack. His family announced that they were going to close the business because no one in the family wanted to run it. Things looked pretty gloomy. My wife and I read the want ads each day. Then one morning, as I was hanging out Going out of Business sign at the greenhouse, the door opened and in walked a customer. She was an office manager whose company has just moved into the new office park on the edge of town. She was looking for potted plants to place in the reception areas and offices. I dont know anything about plants, she said, Im sure in a few weeks theyll all be dead. Why was I helping her select her purchases? My mind was racing. Perhaps as many as a dozen firms have recently opened offices in the new office park, and there were several hundred more acres with construction under way. That afternoon, I drove out to the office park. By six oclock that evening I had signed contracts with seven companies to rent plants from me and pay me a fee to maintain them. Within a week, I had worked out an agreement to lease the greenhouse from the owners family. Business is now increasing rapidly. And one day, we hope to be the proud owners of the greenhouse.
答案 & 解析
1. 选B）。此题属于故事性短文中针对人物及专有名词的细节进行提问。在浏览题干圈点专有名词greenhouse后, 迅速在文章里听到 Just as suddenly, the owner of the greenhouse where I worked as manager died of a heart attack. His family announced that they were going to close the business because no one in the family wanted to run it. 可以得到关于greenhouse的两条信息：greenhouse的主人因心脏病突然死亡； greenhouse因无人接管而即将关闭。故选B)。
2. 选C）。此题属于故事性短文中针对时间、对应的事件及原因进行提问。解答此题的关键是在浏览所给问题的基础上，迅速得到关键词即时间状语when the customer walked in，在听短文时便可针对性地做出笔记以记录所给时间对应的事件，很容易捕获信息“… as I was hanging out Going out of Business sign at the greenhouse，the door opened and in walked a customer.”故选C)。
3. 选C）。此题仍属于故事性短文中考试&大针对时间、对应的事件及原因进行提问。得到题干关键词when serving the office manager后，在文中获取 Why was I helping her select her purchases? My mind was racing.故选C)。
4. 选A）。此题属于故事性短文中针对故事的寓意进行提问。文章讲了一个立志的创业故事，整篇文章将基调定在“奋斗”一词上。再由含有寓意的结尾句 And one day, we hope to be the proud owners of the greenhouse.很容易得出正确选项A。故选A)。
Part III Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B),C)and D),and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
11.A)Only true friendship can last long.
B)Letter writing is going out of style.
C)She keeps in regular touch with her classmates.
D)She has lost contact with most of her old friends.
12. A) A painter. C) A porter.
B) A mechanic. D) A carpenter.
13. A) Look for a place near her office. C) Make inquiries elsewhere.
B) Find a new job down the street. D) Rent the $600 apartment.
14.A) He prefers to wear jeans with a larger waist.
B) He has been extremely busy recently.
C) He has gained some weight lately.
D) He enjoyed going shopping with Jane yesterday.
15.A)The woman possesses a natural for art.
B) Women have a better artistic taste than men.
C) He isn’t good at abstract thinking.
D) He doesn’t like abstract paintings.
16.A) She couldn’t have left her notebook in the library.
B) she may have put her notebook amid the journals.
C) she should have made careful notes while doing reading.
D) she shouldn’t have read his notes without his knowing it.
17. A)she wants to get some sleep C) she has a literature class to attend
B) she needs time to write a paper D)she is troubled by her sleep problem
18.A)He is confident he will get the job.
B)His chance of getting the job is slim.
C)It isn’t easy to find a qualified sales manager.
D)The interview didn’t go as well as he expected.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19.A)He can manage his time more flexibly.
B)He can renew contact with his old friends.
C)He can concentrate on his own projects.
D)He can learn to do administrative work.
20.A)Reading its ads in the newspapers.
B)Calling its personnel department.
C)Contacting its manager.
D)Searching its website.
21.A)To cut down its production expenses.
B)To solve the problem of staff shortage.
C)To improve its administrative efficiency.
D)To utilize its retired employees’ resources.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
22.A)Buy a tractor.
B)Fix a house.
C)See a piece of property.
D)Sing a business contract.
23.A)It is only forty miles form where they live.
B)It is a small one with a two-bedroom house.
C)It was a large garden with fresh vegetables.
D)It has a large garden with fresh vegetables.
24.A)Growing potatoes will involve less labor.
B)Its soil may not be very suitable for corn.
C)It may not be big enough for raising corn.
D)Raising potatoes will be more profitable.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
26 A)To introduce the chief of the city’s police force
B)To comment on a talk by a distinguished guest
C)To address the issue of community security
D)To explain the functions of the city council
27 A)He has distinguished himself in city management
B)He is head of the International Police Force
C)He completed his higher education abroad
D)He holds a master’s degree in criminology
28 A)To coordinate work among police departments
B)To get police officers closer to the local people
C)To help the residents in times of emergency
D)To enable the police to take prompt action
30 A)people differ greatly in their ability to communicate
B)there are numerous languages in existence
C)Most public languages are inherently vague
D)Big gaps exist between private and public languages
31 A)it is a sign of human intelligence
B)in improves with constant practice
C)it is something we are born with
D)it varies from person to person
32 A)how private languages are developed
B)how different languages are related
C)how people create their languages
D)how children learn to use language
33 A)she was a tailor
B)she was an engineer
C)she was an educator
D)she was a public speaker
A)Basing them on science-fiction movies.
B) Including interesting examples in them
C) Adjusting them to different audiences
D) Focusing on the latest progress in space science
A) Whether spacemen carry weapons
B) How spacesuits protect spacemen
C) How NASA trains its spacemen
D) What spacemen cat and drink
Directions : In this section .you will hear a passage three time. When the passage is read for first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. when the passage is read for the first time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36to43 with the exact words you have just heard. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Crime is increasing world wide. There is every reason to believe the (36)____will continue through the next few decades.
Crime rates have always been high in multicultural, industrialized societies such as the United States, but a new(37)____has appeared on the world(38)____rapidly rising crime rates in nations that previously reported few(39)____. Street crimes such as robbery, rape (40)___and auto theft are clearly rising(41)___in eastern European countries such as Hungary and in western European nations such as the united Kingdom.
What is driving this crime (42)____?There are no simple answers. Still，there are certain conditions(43) _______with rising crime increasing heterogeneity (混杂) of populations, greater cultural pluralism, higher immigration, democratization of government,(44)
In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations
and 2 long conversations.
At the end of each conversation,
one or more questions will be asked about what was said.
Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once.
After each question there will be a pause.
During the pause, you must read the four choices marked
A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer.
Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
with a single line through the centre.
11.M: I just received an E-mail from one of my former classmates.
I was surprised, I hadnt heard from him for ages.
W: Well, Ive been out of touch with most of my old friends,
only one or two still drop me a line occasionally.
Q: What does the woman mean?
12.M: If you can make up your mind about the color,
I can start on the outside of your house early next week.
W: Well, right now I think I want white for the window frames
and yellow for the walls,
but Ill let you know tomorrow.
Q: Who is the woman talking to?
13.W: Excuse me, do you have any apartments available
for under 500 dollars a month?
I need to move in next week when my new job starts.
M: The only vacant one I have is 600 dollars,
have you inquired at the apartment complex down the street?
Q: What does the man suggest the woman do?
14.W: You bought a pair of jeans yesterday, didnt you?
What are they like?
M: Oh, they are pretty much like my other ones,
except with a larger waist.
I guess I havent spent much time exercising lately.
Q: What can we infer from the conversation about the man?
15.W: I really like those abstract paintings we saw yesterday.
What do you think?
M: I guess its something I havent acquired a taste for yet.
Q: What does the man imply?
16.W: You havent seen a blue notebook, have you?
I hope I didnt leave it in the reading room.
M: Did you check that pile of journals
youve borrowed from the library the other day?
Q: What is the man trying to say to the woman?
17.M: How about joining me for a cup of coffee?
W: Id love to, but Im exhausted.
I was up till 3 this morning,
writing a paper for my literature class.
Q: Why does the woman decline the mans invitation?
18.W: You had a job interview yesterday, didnt you?
How did it go?
M: Not too bad, I guess.
There were about 20 candidates competing for the sales managers job.
And finally it was down to three of us,
but the other two seemed better qualified.
Q: What does the man imply?
Now youll hear two long conversations.
W: Simon, how does it feel to be retired?
M: Well, not so bad.
W: How have you been spending your time?
M: I have been spending more time with my family.
Ive also travelled a bit, you know,
off season when everywhere is less crowded and hotels cost less.
M: You know I havent stopped work completely.
W: Yes, could you tell us more about this?
M: Im on a scheme thats called phased retirement;
I had a six-month break from work,
after that I could apply for project work
with the company I used to work for.
W: How does the scheme work?
M: Well, its a trial at the moment.
Instead of hiring temporary stuff,
the company advertises posts on its website
that retired employees like myself can access.
W: What sort of works advertised?
M: Well, all sorts of things, really.
Administrative work and more specialized work,
the sort of thing I can do.
Some of the projects can last five or six months,
and others can just be a couple of days.
I can decide more or less when to work.
So I can manage my own time.
W: I can see its good for you.
What is your company get out of this?
M: Well,I still have all my old contacts at work,
so I know who to contact to get something done.
The company gets flexibility, too.
Once the jobs over, thats it.
Im not on their books any more.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19.Why does Simon find his retired life enjoyable?
20.How does Simon get to know about the companys available posts?
21.Why does the company adopt the phased retirement scheme?
W: Oh, where are we going?
M: I want to show you something.
W: I know, but what is it?
M: A farm. Its just down this road.
Its a small place, but at least it would be our own.
W: A farm? How can we afford to buy a farm?
M: It isnt very large, only 40 acres.
We wouldnt have to pay very much right now.
W: Is there a house on the place?
M: A small one, two bedrooms,
but it needs to be fixed up a little.
I can do the job myself.
W: OK. Is there enough space for a kitchen garden?
M: There is about half an acre around the house.
Thats plenty of space.
W: Then we can grow our own fresh vegetables.
And maybe keep a few chickens, couldnt we?
M: Yes, and we can probably grow a lot of our own food.
W: What are you thinking about growing,
if we do take this place?
M: Well, it really isnt big enough for corn.
I thought we might try to raise a crop of potatoes.
W: Potatoes? There are a lot of work.
M: We are used to hard work, arent we?
W: Yes, we are, but the money.
Do we have enough to get started?
It seems like a dream.
M: I think weve saved enough.
We can pay a little on the farm
and maybe put a few dollars down on the tractor, too.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
22.What are the speakers going to do at the time of the conversation?
23.What does the man say about the farm?
24.Why does the man intend to grow potatoes
rather than corn on the farm?
25.What is the womans greatest concern about the mans plan?